To the east of the Roman Forum lies the colossal stone amphitheater, A.D. Around 70-72, it was a gift from the Vespasian emperor of the Flavian dynasty to the Roman people. A.D. In 80, the Coliseum was opened by Titus, son of Vespasian. It is also officially known as the Flavian Amphitheater. Gladiator battles and wildlife battles were held here with 100 days of sports. After four centuries of active use, this amazing platform was overlooked and was used as a building material source until the 18th century. Although two-thirds of the original Coliseum has been destroyed over time, the Amphitheater is a popular tourist destination as well as a symbol of Rome and its long turbulent history.
Nero, then Roman emperor, A.D. Even after his suicide in ’68, his misguidance and excess led to a series of civil wars. In the turbulent year that followed Nero’s death, no less than four emperors ascended the throne. Fourth, Vespasian ends 10 years of rule (A.D. 69-79). As Vespasian and his sons, Titus (79-81) and Domitian (81-96) knew, the Flavian emperors sought to suppress the excesses of the Roman court, restore Senate authority, and promote public welfare. AD After a great fire broke out in Rome in 67 CE, the fertile land in the center of the cities, where Nestro had built a huge palace for himself, was returned to the Vespasian Romans around 70-72. On the grounds of that golden palace, he built a new amphitheater where the public could enjoy gladiatorial battles and other entertainment.
After nearly a decade of construction work, Titus officially announced a relatively early period for such a large-scale project. A.D. The Coliseum in the ’80s was dedicated to hosting a 100-day sports festival. A good loving ruler, Titus, A.D. After the eruption of Vesuvius’ coup in 79, he destroyed the cities of Herculaneum and Pompeii by manipulating restoration efforts. The final stages of the construction of the Coliseum were completed during the reign of Titus’ brother and successor Domitian.
The Coliseum, measuring 620 to 513 feet (190 to 155 meters), was the largest amphitheater in Rome. Unlike many previous amphibians dug into the mountains to provide adequate support, the Coliseum is a free structure made of stone and concrete. The uniqueness here is that the exterior has three floors with arched entrances. It is made with the help of about 80 semicircular strips in total. Each layer contained columns in a different order (or style). At the bottom were the columns in a relatively simple Doric order, and then above the ionic and ornamental Corinthian sequences. Near the main entrance to the Colosseum is the Arch of Constantine. It was built in 315 A.D. in honor of Constantine I’s victory over Maxentius at Ponce Milvus.
Inside, it could seat more than 50,000 spectators, arranged according to social rankings, but often packed into a sardine-like space. (According to the evidence sitting in other Roman amphitheaters). Audiences come to watch big battles (watch, submerged for that matter) at great expense, such as gladiator battles, hunting, wildlife battles, and funny navigation. The majority of the warriors who fought in front of the Coliseum audience in ancient Rome were men. (Although there are some female gladiators). Gladiators were usually slaves, condemned criminals, or prisoners of war.
By the 6th century AD, the Coliseum was in active use for about four centuries, until the struggles and popular tastes of the Western Roman Empire ended with the gradual end of gladiatorial battles and other forms of entertainment. Even then, the stage was damaged by natural phenomena such as lightning and earthquakes. In the following centuries, the Coliseum was abandoned altogether, and St. Peter’s and St. John’s Lateran Cathedral was used as a foundation stone for a number of building projects, including the Palazzo Venice and the fortifications along the Tiber River. However, since the beginning of the 18th century, various popes have tried to preserve the site as a sacred Christian site, but it is not certain whether the early Christian martyrs experienced their fate at the Coliseum.